What are the most common knee injuries?
And welcome to the One Care Medical Center one of Coimbatore’s fastest growing orthopedic hospital, My name is Dr. Abdul Salam and I am a full-time orthopedic surgeon at OCMC. In today’s short blog post we are going to discuss all about
‘Common knee injuries’
The knee joint is highly specialized yet complex. It is made up of a variety of components and support structures.
Some common knee injuries include fractures, dislocations, ligament tears, and strains. Most knee injuries can be treated with bed rest, physiotherapy and combination medications. Complex injuries though require major surgery.
When your knee gets injures, there is a high probability that multiple structures in the knee joint get inadvertently injured as well. Common symptoms of an injured knee include
1. Pain, redness and joint swelling
2. Loss of joint stability (feeling like the knee is going to give away)
3. Locking up of the knee joint (in certain injuries)
The patella is the most common bone that breaks around the knee. The ends of the long bone (tibia & femur) can also break. Most knee injuries are caused by high injury trauma like fall from a height or major motor vehicle accidents
When the bones of the knee are out of place, dislocation can occur. The dislocation can be complete or partial in nature. Patellar dislocations are very common as are dislocations of the tibia and femur.
Dislocations are particularly common after high impact trauma like falls, motor vehicle accidents, and other sport-related crashes
A blow was given to the knee front, especially when it is bent. This is a very common occurrence in motor vehicle accidents. PCL is also the posterior cruciate ligament and the PCL plays a very vital role in knee joint stabilization. PCL tears are partial are tend to heal on their own
ACL stands for anterior cruciate ligament. ACL tears are very common and occur during soccer, football and other sport related activities. A rapid change in direction or landing improperly from a height can end up tearing the ACL.
ACL injuries can occur along with damage to associative knee structures like the meniscus, articular cartilage, and other ligaments
Collateral Ligament tears:-
Any force that pushes the knee in a sideways direction can ultimately damage the collateral ligaments. Once again, sports-related injuries can rip apart the collateral ligaments.
Twisting and pivoting can tear up the meniscus. Aging and arthritis are other causes of menisci tears. A sudden twisting motion while getting up from the chair can cause meniscus tear, especially when associated with increasing age.
Knee Injury treatment –
Rest, ice, gentle compression and elevation can help speed up your recovery. It is must to seek treatment of
1. Hear a loud pop
2. Have severe pain
3. Unable to move your knee joint
4. You have a limp
5. You notice visible swelling in the site of the injury
Non Surgical management:-
Simple measures can get rid of many knee injuries. These include
2. Physical therapy and
3. Lastly Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications
Surgical treatment modalities:-
These include ACL repair that is done arthroscopically with the help of small, yet precise instruments. Arthroscopy allows the orthopedic surgeon to directly visualize the knee joint to make necessary corrections
I hope you enjoyed reading this article on the various knee injuries. Do share it with your friends and loved ones!